The growth of renewable energy in the developed and emerging worlds: analysing the driving factors

Renewable energy growth in the developed world is driven by multifaceted, interrelated factors. Climate change concerns, public support, economic incentives, technology advancements, security of energy supply, and cost reduction have propelled the transition to renewable energy sources. Additionally, the convergence of these drivers has created an environment that enables increased renewable energy adoption, with substantial implications for sustainable development, energy security, and environmental preservation. However, further research and policy efforts are essential to ensure the continued growth and integration of renewable energy into the energy mix of developed and emerging economies.

Analyzing the Drivers of Renewable Energy Growth in the Developed and Emerging World

What do people think?

Growing public awareness and concern about climate change and environmental issues have significantly influenced renewable energy growth. With increasing awareness of the environmental impact of traditional energy sources, there is now increased support for clean and renewable energy alternatives, thereby driving demand and investment in renewable energy projects. (1)

Governments seem to be listening

Many governments have introduced economic incentives to encourage the adoption of renewable energy, including tax credits, subsidies, feed-in tariffs, and grants, aimed at reducing the financial barriers associated with renewable energy installations. Such incentives have provided economic viability for renewable energy projects and stimulated market growth. In emerging countries, renewable energy provides a viable solution for addressing energy poverty in remote and rural areas. These regions often lack access to centralised power grids, making renewable energy an attractive option for decentralised energy generation. By deploying off-grid and mini-grid solutions, renewable energy can provide affordable and reliable electricity to underserved communities, fostering economic development, and improving quality of life. In addition, the renewable energy sector offers significant job creation potential, particularly in emerging countries. The demand for skilled workers in various renewable energy-related fields, such as manufacturing, installation, maintenance, and research and development, is growing. By embracing renewable energy, emerging countries can create employment opportunities, enhance human capital development, and promote social and economic inclusivity. (2)

How are we going to get there?

Advancements in renewable energy technologies, such as solar photovoltaics, wind turbines, and energy storage systems, have played a pivotal role in driving the growth of renewable energy in the developed world. These innovations have improved the efficiency, reliability, and affordability of renewable energy sources, making them more competitive with fossil fuels. The dependence on fossil fuels, often imported from politically unstable regions, has led developed countries to seek alternative energy sources that provide energy security. Renewable energy offers a decentralised and diversified energy supply, reducing vulnerability to supply disruptions and geopolitical risks, further driving its adoption. (3)

The bottom line: what will it cost?

The plummeting costs of renewable energy technologies, particularly wind and solar, have significantly contributed to their increased adoption in developed countries. Technological advancements, economies of scale, and reduced production costs have made renewable energy sources increasingly cost-competitive. Fluctuations in fossil fuel prices have also created favourable conditions for renewable energy deployment. Moreover, emerging countries, with their growing energy demands, also find renewable energy more affordable and cost-competitive than fossil fuels. The declining cost of renewable energy has played a crucial role in incentivising its adoption and facilitating the transition away from fossil fuels. (4)

Value impact for the developed and emerging worlds

Access to affordable financing is vital for emerging countries to implement renewable energy projects. Development banks, private sector equity, and other financing mechanisms have made it easier for these countries to secure funding for renewable energy initiatives. Favourable loan conditions and innovative financial instruments have reduced the financial barriers and risks associated with renewable energy projects, enabling countries to embrace clean energy solutions. By embracing renewable energy, emerging countries can create employment opportunities, enhance human capital development, and promote social and economic inclusivity. (5)

Conclusion: the future’s bright!

Renewable energy growth in both developed and emerging countries is driven by many factors including (but not limited to) climate change concerns, public support, economic incentives, technology advancements, affordable financing, investment opportunities, and job creation. It is crucial for policymakers and stakeholders to be able to understand and leverage these drivers if they are to facilitate the transition to renewable energy sources and achieve sustainable development goals. Renewable energy is the future, and it is here to stay.


(1) The Growing Awareness and Prominence of Environmental Sustainability (

(2) Frontiers | Renewable energy incentives on the road to sustainable development during climate change: A review (

How to End Energy Poverty And Reach Net-Zero Emissions | World Economic Forum (

(3) Solar Technology: What’s the Latest Breakthrough? | EnergySage

These 4 energy storage technologies are key to climate efforts | World Economic Forum (

(4) How much has the cost of renewable energy fallen by since 2010? | World Economic Forum (

Developing countries increasingly adopting renewable energies as costs decline - Oman 2020 - Oxford Business Group

(5) Financing clean energy transitions in emerging and developing economies – Analysis - IEA

5 Ways to Boost Renewable Energy Investment in Developing Nations | World Economic Forum (

Renewable energy jobs rise by 700,000 in a year, to nearly 13 million | UN News

About the Author:

Darren Tompkins is a Client Partner with Pedersen & Partners, based in Houston, Texas.

Darren Tompkins

As part of Mr. Tompkins’ role with Pedersen & Partners, he will focus on the Industrial and Energy sectors in North America. Mr. Tompkins has over 12 years of extensive experience in the Industrial sector, primarily in Oil & Gas, and also in the Non-Profit sector. Prior to joining Pedersen & Partners, he worked with a US-based Executive Search firm, where he focused on partnering with clients to develop their people strategies and successfully deliver Executive Search mandates. Mr. Tompkins is also a former Army Officer, and a decorated veteran. Mr. Tompkins earned a BA in Geography, GIS, and Military Science from the University of South Carolina.

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